There are currently several studies that suggest that the trillions of micro-organisms inhabiting within the human body hold much influence in the present and future health conditions. There is evidence within research that suggests limited breast-feeding can alter the micro-organism populations within a child’s gut and this can possibly explain the up rise of health issues in children and adults such as type 1 diabetes, asthma, allergies, obesity and celiac disease. Although babies are exposed to some organisms in utero, the most impactful ones are encountered during birth and the first few months of their lives. These are the micro-organisms that become permanent within their microbiome. It has been studied that both a vaginal birth and breast-feeding can remarkably impact the microbes present in babies’ guts and ultimately affect the risk of developing other serious health problems.
I have always known that breast-feeding is preferred by physicians up until a certain age, as the breast milks contains certain nutrients that are essential for babies health, which are typically not present in store-brought milk for babies. However, I did not think of the impact this could have on a child’s microbiome which would clearly affect them even until their adult lives. I certainly did not think of the impact vaginal birth could have on the microbiome either but the research indicates clear benefits. It creates a more diverse microbiome in children with natural birth and breast-feeding, thus leading to a more well-rounded immune system when encountering certain pathogens.
Brody, Jane E. “The Importance of Infants' Exposure to Micro-Organisms.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 5 Feb. 2018, www.nytimes.com/2018/02/05/well/live/infant -microbiome-cesarean-childbirth-breastfeeding.html?rref.
Sunaina Sharma (3)